The US Federal Interstate Highway System has been called “the greatest public works project in history”. But when the plan was passed in the 1950s, it was promoted as a military contingency program in case of nuclear war.
The original interstate highway plan photo from WikiCommons
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Around the world, different human cultures have used a wide variety of methods to keep track of the passing year. In the western world, our calendar system is based on the Roman model, which itself underwent a series of significant changes throughout history.
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Most Hollywood blockbusters today depend upon special effects (SFX) for their visual impact. One of the most widely-used techniques is “greenscreening”, in which multiple elements are filmed in front of a plain green background and then are “composited” together in one scene. But the techniques of SFX compositing go all the way back to the beginnings of cinema.
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In May 1961, US President John F Kennedy called for a NASA program to send a man to the Moon before the end of the decade. It was hailed at the time as a bold step into the unknown. But two years prior to Kennedy’s speech, the US Army had already undertaken a classified feasibility study that was much more ambitious in scope than a mere Moon landing. Dubbed “Project HORIZON”, the Army’s plan called for a permanently-manned lunar outpost, with a dozen residents, that would be powered by nuclear reactors, armed with nuclear weapons, and capable of carrying out a wide variety of military tasks.
Project HORIZON Moon base photo from US Defense Dept
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